Decreased nocturnal standard deviation of averaged NN intervals. An independent marker to identify patients at risk in the Brugada Syndrome

Jean-Sylvain Hermida, Antoine Leenhardt, Bruno Cauchemez, Isabelle Denjoy, Geneviève Jarry, Fréderique Mizon, Paul Milliez, Jean-Luc Rey, Philippe Beaufils, Philippe Coumel
European Heart Journal 2003, 24 (22): 2061-9

AIMS: Risk-stratification of asymptomatic Brugada Syndrome (BS) patients remains a key-issue. A typical spontaneous BS-ECG pattern and ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF) inducibility are two recognized risk markers. The aim of the study was to identify additional risk markers in asymptomatic BS.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We have compared Holter recordings in symptomatic and in asymptomatic patients with BS. Heart rate variability (HRV), QT-interval rate-dependence and ST-segment elevation (ST-SE) were analysed. The study population included 47 BS patients (M=36, mean age=45+/-13 years) with a malignant ventricular arrhythmia in 11 cases, an unexplained syncope in 10 cases and no symptoms in the remaining 26 cases. A typical spontaneous BS-ECG was present in 21 cases and a drug-induced BS-ECG in 26 cases. A downward trend of the time domain variables of HRV was observed. During the nocturnal period, standard deviation (SD) of the 5min averaged NN intervals (SDANN) (46+/-13 vs 57+/-18ms, P=0.02) and ultra low frequency component (3287+/-2312 vs 5030+/-3270 ms(2), P=0.04) were significantly lower in symptomatic versus asymptomatic patients. In contrast, no difference was found in QT-interval rate dependence and in ST-SE. At multivariate logistic regression, VT/VF inducibility, typical spontaneous BS-ECG and a decreased nocturnal SDANN were associated with arrhythmic events (P=0.003).

CONCLUSIONS: A decreased nocturnal SDANN was an independent marker of arrhythmic events in these BS patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"