Interruption of nuclear factor kappaB signaling by the androgen receptor facilitates 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbolacetate-induced apoptosis in androgen-sensitive prostate cancer LNCaP cells

Saleh Altuwaijri, Hui-Kuan Lin, Kuang-Hsiang Chuang, Wen-Jye Lin, Shuyuan Yeh, LeRoy A Hanchett, Mujib M Rahman, Hong-Yo Kang, Meng-Ying Tsai, Yanqing Zhang, Lin Yang, Chawnshang Chang
Cancer Research 2003 November 1, 63 (21): 7106-12
12-O-tetradecanoylphorbolacetate (TPA) influences proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in a variety of cells including prostate cancer cells. Here, we show that androgen treatment potentiates TPA-induced apoptosis in androgen-sensitive prostate cancer LNCaP cells but not in androgen-independent prostate cancer cell lines DU145 and PC-3. The use of the antiandrogen bicalutamide (Casodex) rescued LNCaP cells from 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT)/TPA-induced apoptosis, suggesting that DHT/TPA-induced apoptosis is mediated by androgen/androgen receptor (AR). In addition, a caspase-3 inhibitor (Ac-DEVD-CHO) reduced the level of apoptosis, suggesting that DHT/TPA-mediated apoptosis occurs through a caspase-3-dependent pathway. A functional reporter assay using nuclear factor (NF) kappaB-luciferase and an electromobility gel shift assay showed that DHT suppressed NFkappaB activity. In addition, apoptosis mediated by combined DHT/TPA treatment was abrogated by overexpression of the NFkappaB subunit p65 in LNCaP-p65 cells, suggesting that NFkappaB may play an important role in regulating the effects of androgen/AR and TPA on apoptosis. Furthermore, use of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor SB202190 showed that the combination of DHT/TPA increased JNK activation in LNCaP cells but not in LNCaP-p65 cells, demonstrating that NFkappaB may be able to suppress JNK activity. These results indicate that androgen/AR facilitates TPA-induced apoptosis by interruption of the NFkappaB signaling pathway, leading to activation of JNK in LNCaP cells. These data describe a signaling pathway that could potentially be useful in proposed therapeutic treatment strategies exploiting combinations of different agents that control apoptosis in prostate tumors.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"