A novel inflammation-related mouse colon carcinogenesis model induced by azoxymethane and dextran sodium sulfate

Takuji Tanaka, Hiroyuki Kohno, Rikako Suzuki, Yasuhiro Yamada, Shigeyuki Sugie, Hideki Mori
Cancer Science 2003, 94 (11): 965-73
To develop an efficient animal model for colitis-related carcinogenesis, male Crj: CD-1 (ICR) mice were given a single intraperitoneal administration (10 mg/kg body weight) of a genotoxic colonic carcinogen, azoxymethane (AOM), and a 1-week oral exposure (2% in drinking water) to a non-genotoxic carcinogen, dextran sodium sulfate (DSS), under various protocols. At week 20, colonic neoplasms (adenocarcinomas, 100% incidence with 5.60 +/- 2.42 multiplicity; and adenomas, 38% incidence with 0.20 +/- 0.40 multiplicity) with dysplastic lesions developed in mice treated with AOM followed by DSS. Protocols in which AOM was given during or after DSS administration induced a few tubular adenomas or no tumors in the colon. Immunohistochemical investigation of such dysplasias and neoplasms revealed that all lesions were positive for beta-catenin, cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase, but did not show p53 immunoreactivity. The results indicate that 1-week administration of 2% DSS after initiation with a low dose of AOM exerts a powerful tumor-promoting activity in colon carcinogenesis in male ICR mice, and may provide a novel mouse model for investigating colitis-related colon carcinogenesis and for identifying xenobiotics with modifying effects.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"