Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor-based melanoma cell vaccines immunize syngeneic and allogeneic recipients via host dendritic cells

Achim Schneeberger, Petra Lührs, Raphaela Kutil, Peter Steinlein, Hansjörg Schild, Walter Schmidt, Georg Stingl
Journal of Immunology 2003 November 15, 171 (10): 5180-7
Subcutaneous injection of GM-CSF-expressing cancer cells into experimental animals results in protective cancer immunity. To delineate the mode of action of such vaccines, we used trinitrophenyl, the antigenic moiety of the contact allergen trinitrochlorobenzene, as surrogate Ag. Trinitrophenyl-derivatized bone marrow-derived dendritic cells were found to elicit a contact hypersensitivity response in syngeneic, but not in allogeneic recipients, compatible with their expected mode of direct Ag presentation. When expressing GM-CSF, haptenized M3 melanoma cells were also able to induce a contact hypersensitivity response but, in contrast to bone marrow-derived dendritic cells, not only in syngeneic but also in allogeneic recipients. This argues for a critical role of host APC. To identify their nature, we introduced the beta-galactosidase (betagal) gene into M3-GM cells. Their administration activated betagal-specific, L(d)-restricted CTL in syngeneic BALB/c mice. Evaluation of lymph nodes draining M3-GM-betagal injection sites revealed the presence of cells presenting the respective L(d)-binding betagal peptide epitope. Based on their capacity to activate betagal-specific CTL, they were identified as being CD11c(+) dendritic cells. These experiments provide a rational basis for the use of GM-CSF-based melanoma cell vaccines in an allogeneic setting.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"