Genetic down-regulation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase by bikunin correlates with suppression of invasion and metastasis in human ovarian cancer HRA cells

Hiroshi Kobayashi, Mika Suzuki, Naohiro Kanayama, Toshihiko Terao
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2004 February 20, 279 (8): 6371-9
Using a cDNA microarray analysis, we previously found that exposure of a highly invasive ovarian cancer cell line HRA with bikunin, a Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, or bikunin gene overexpression markedly reduced phosphoinositide kinase (PI3K) p85 gene expression, demonstrating that PI3K may be a candidate bikunin target gene. To clarify how reduced levels of PI3K may confer repressed invasiveness, we transfected HRA cells with PI3K p85 antisense-oligodeoxynucleotide (AS-ODN) and compared the properties of the transfected cells with those of parental cells and sense (S)-ODN cells. We have also demonstrated previously that transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) stimulates urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA)-dependent invasion and metastasis of HRA cells. Here, we show that 1) TGF-beta1 induced a rapid increase of the PI3K activity that was accompanied by increased expression (5-fold) of the uPA mRNA; 2) pharmacological inhibition of PI3K or AS-PI3K ODN transfection inhibited TGF-beta1-stimulated Akt phosphorylation; 3) both PI3K pharmacological inhibitors and forced expression of AS-PI3K ODN reduced TGF-beta1-stimulated uPA mRNA and protein expression by approximately 70% compared with controls; 4) concentrations of PI3K inhibitors, sufficient to inhibit uPA up-regulation, inhibited TGF-beta1-dependent HRA cell invasion; 5) the AS-PI3K ODN cells had a decreased ability to invade the extracellular matrix layer as compared with controls; and 6) when the AS-PI3K ODN cells were injected intraperitoneally into nude mice, the mice developed smaller intraperitoneal tumors and showed longer survival. We conclude that PI3K plays an essential role in promoting uPA-mediated invasive phenotype in HRA cells. Our data identify a novel role for PI3K as a bikunin target gene on uPA up-regulation and invasion.

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