COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
META-ANALYSIS
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Percutaneous aspiration-injection-reaspiration drainage plus albendazole or mebendazole for hepatic cystic echinococcosis: a meta-analysis.

Using meta-analysis methodology, we compared the clinical outcomes for 769 patients with hepatic cystic echinococcosis treated with percutaneous aspiration-injection-reaspiration (PAIR) plus albendazole or mebendazole (group 1) with 952 era-matched historical control subjects undergoing surgical intervention (group 2). The rate of clinical and parasitologic cure (P<.0001) was greater in patients receiving PAIR plus chemotherapy. Disease recurrence (P<.0001), major complications (anaphylaxis, biliary fistula, cyst infection, liver/intra-abdominal abscess, and sepsis; P<.0001), minor complications (P<.0001), and death (P<.0824) occurred more frequently among surgical control subjects. Fever (P<.002) and minor allergic reactions subjects (P<.0001) were more common among PAIR-treated subjects. The mean durations of hospital stay were 2.4 days for group 1 and 15.0 days for group 2 (P<.001). Compared with surgery, PAIR plus chemotherapy is associated with greater clinical and parasitologic efficacy; lower rates of morbidity, mortality, and disease recurrence; and shorter hospital stays.

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