Situs inversus totalis with malignant lymphoma of the stomach: report of a case

Saburo Murakami, Masahiro Terakado, Misono Misumi, Yoshitaka Tsuji, Katsuhiko Okubo, Renzo Hirayama, Kaiji Inoue, Eiichi Arai
Surgery Today 2003, 33 (7): 533-6
Situs inversus totalis is a rare congenital anomaly that often occurs concomitantly with other disorders. We report a case of situs inversus totalis with malignant lymphoma of the stomach, which was successfully treated by surgery followed by chemotherapy and irradiation. The patient was a 51-year-old woman who present with colicky pain in the left upper quadrant of her abdomen. Chest X-ray showed a right-sided heart, and ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen showed a situs inversus totalis with multiple gallstones in the gallbladder. Tree-dimensional reconstructed CT of the abdomen showed no other malformations coexisting with situs inversus totalis, but a barium upper gastrointestinal series found an inverted stomach and an elevated tumor with ulceration in the center, localized in the antrum of the stomach. First, we performed a cholecystectomy, followed by a total gastrectomy with dissection of the lymph nodes and splenectomy, and Roux-en-Y reconstruction. Histopathological examination confirmed a diagnosis of malignant lymphoma of the stomach (diffuse large B-cell type) with metastasis to the regional lymph nodes. Chemotherapy using the CHOP regimen was given three times, starting 1 month postoperatively. A followup CT scan showed enlargement of one lymph node around the abdominal aorta and irradiation was delivered to the area of the inverted Y in the abdomen. At the time of writing, 10 months after surgery, the patient is well with no signs of recurrence and leading a normal life. Careful preoperative assessment is very important for determining the most appropriate surgical procedure in patients with situs inversus totalis associated with a malignancy.

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