Involvement of leucine residues at positions 107, 112, and 115 in a leucine-rich repeat motif of human Toll-like receptor 2 in the recognition of diacylated lipoproteins and lipopeptides and Staphylococcus aureus peptidoglycans

Mari Fujita, Takeshi Into, Motoaki Yasuda, Tsugumi Okusawa, Sumiko Hamahira, Yoshio Kuroki, Akiko Eto, Toshiki Nisizawa, Manabu Morita, Ken-ichiro Shibata
Journal of Immunology 2003 October 1, 171 (7): 3675-83
S-(2,3-bispalmitoyloxypropyl)Cys-Gly-Asp-Pro-Lys-His-Pro-Lys-Ser-Phe (FSL-1) derived from Mycoplasma salivarium stimulated NF-kappaB reporter activity in human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells transfected with Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) or cotransfected with TLR2 and TLR6, but not in HEK293 cells transfected with TLR6, in a dose-dependent manner. The activity was significantly higher in HEK293 cells transfected with both TLR2 and TLR6 than in HEK293 cells transfected with only TLR2. The deletion mutant TLR2(DeltaS40-I64) (a TLR2 mutant with a deletion of the region of Ser(40) to Ile(64)) failed to activate NF-kappaB in response to FSL-1. The deletion mutant TLR2(DeltaC30-S39) induced NF-kappaB reporter activity, but the level of activity was significantly reduced compared with that induced by wild-type TLR2. A TLR2 point mutant with a substitution of Glu(178) to Ala (TLR2(E178A)), TLR2(E180A), TLR2(E190A), and TLR2(L132E) induced NF-kappaB activation when stimulated with FSL-1, M. salivarium lipoproteins, and Staphylococcus aureus peptidoglycans, but TLR2(L107E), TLR2(L112E) (a TLR2 point mutant with a substitution of Leu(112) to Glu), and TLR2(L115E) failed to induce NF-kappaB activation, suggesting that these residues are essential for their signaling. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that TLR2(L115E), TLR2(L112E), and TLR2(DeltaS40-I64) were expressed on the cell surface of the transfectants as wild-type TLR2 and TLR2(E190A) were. In addition, these mutants, except for TLR2(E180A), functioned as dominant negative form of TLR2. This study strongly suggested that the extracellular region of Ser(40)-Ile(64) and leucine residues at positions 107, 112, and 115 in a leucine-rich repeat motif of TLR2 are involved in the recognition of mycoplasmal diacylated lipoproteins and lipopeptides and in the recognition of S. aureus peptidoglycans.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"