Excess morbidity associated with interhospital transport

R K Kanter, N M Boeing, W P Hannan, D L Kanter
Pediatrics 1992, 90 (6): 893-8
A prospective study was performed to determine whether excess morbidity occurred in critically ill and injured pediatric patients during interhospital transport compared with morbidity in a control group. Control observations were made during the first 2 hours of pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) care of patients emergently admitted from within the same institution and not requiring interhospital transport. The first 2 PICU hours of control patients corresponded to the interval of transport in those who required interhospital transfer. Transport care was provided by nonspecialized teams from referring hospitals. Morbidity occurred in 20.9% of 177 transported patients, exceeding the morbidity rate of 11.3% in 195 control patients (P < .05). The difference in morbidity was due to intensive care-related adverse events (eg, plugged or dislodged endotracheal tubes, loss of intravenous access) in 15.3% and 3.6% of transported and control patients, respectively (P < .05). Physiologic deterioration occurred at similar rates of 7.9% and 8.7% in transported and control patients, respectively (P > .05). Slightly greater pre-ICU severity of illness in transported than control patients (median Pediatric Risk of Mortality Score = 10 and 7, respectively, P < .05) and greater pre-ICU therapy relative to severity (P < .05) in control patients are potential confounding sources of the morbidity differences. If patients are stratified into subgroups of similar pre-ICU severity, an excess of intensive care-related adverse events in transported patients remains evident in the severe subgroup (P < .05). Further investigation is warranted to determine whether specialized transport teams can reduce the excess morbidity associated with interhospital transport of critically ill and injured pediatric patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"