COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Immunosuppression induced by hepatic portal venous immunization spares reactivity in IL-4 producing T lymphocytes.

Immunization of naive or specifically primed C3H/HEJ with irradiated B10.BR spleen cells via the hepatic portal vein leads to an antigen specific decrease in the proliferative and cytotoxic response to B10.BR antigen assayed in vitro (and to increased graft survival of B10.BR grafts in vivo). This effect seems to be mediated in the main by a decrease in IL-2 production from CD4+ T lymphocytes of mice given antigen by the portal route, which is in turn caused by a decreased precursor frequency of IL-2-producing cells. No clear decrease in IL-4 production was seen. Hepatic APC isolated from mice receiving antigen via the portal vein were unable to induce IL-2 production from a C3H/HEJ anti-B10.BR cell line in vitro, in contrast to splenic APC derived from the same mice. Even when antigen was given by conventional (systemic) intravenous routes (in this case via the lateral tail vein) hepatic APC isolated from those mice were unable to stimulate IL-2 production from this cell line. Furthermore, 24 h exposure of a cell line to antigen pulsed hepatic APC left those cells refractory to a subsequent restimulation with antigen presented by splenic APC. Spleen lymphoid cells from primed mice challenged in vivo with B10.BR liver cells (i.v.) were similarly unable to produce IL-2 on rechallenge in vitro with irradiated B10.BR spleen cells, though no defect was seen if in vivo challenge was with B10.BR spleen cells. These data imply that presentation of multiple minor cell surface antigens by hepatic APC leads to specific anergization of IL-2 producing T cells, in a fashion which seems to be distinct from that previously reported as due to 'veto-like' activity.

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