Flow cytometric DNA analysis of ovarian Brenner tumors and transitional cell carcinomas

A R Martin, P K Kotylo, J C Kennedy, N S Fineberg, L M Roth
International Journal of Gynecological Pathology 1992, 11 (3): 188-96
Flow cytometry has been previously used as a method of obtaining prognostic information about ovarian carcinomas using ploidy, DNA index, and S-phase fraction. DNA content has also been assessed in ovarian tumors of low malignant potential. Brenner tumor variants such as metaplastic, proliferating, and low malignant potential, recently designated as intermediate Brenner tumors, and malignant Brenner tumors are unusual tumors that present classification problems. Their histological appearance may not accurately reflect biological activity. We used flow cytometry to analyze paraffin-embedded tissue for DNA content and S-phase in 34 Brenner tumors, three ovarian transitional cell (urothelial) carcinomas (TCCs), and nine normal control ovaries. We correlated histological and clinical features with DNA analysis. Twenty-five Brenner tumors and three ovarian TCCs were acceptable for histogram analysis (coefficient of variation less than 7.0). Thirteen typical, three metaplastic (extensive mucinous or glandular metaplasia), and two proliferating (papillary formation with increased cellularity) Brenner tumors were diploid. One proliferating tumor was tetraploid. The single Brenner tumor of low malignant potential was diploid but had an increased S-phase. Four of five malignant Brenner tumors were aneuploid, and one was diploid. All the TCCs were aneuploid. S-phase was elevated in intermediate and malignant Brenner tumors and TCC. Limited numbers of cases available preclude prognostic prediction based on ploidy in malignant Brenner tumors or primary ovarian TCCs. DNA ploidy and S-phase reflect the intermediate status of metaplastic, proliferating, and low malignant potential Brenner tumors.

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