Women's evaluation of three early abortion methods

K Holmgren
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica 1992, 71 (8): 616-23
Today several very early abortion methods are available; effective and safe, medical as well as surgical. The aim of the present study is to estimate women's attitudes towards three early abortion methods, to see if one or several of these methods are preferable--or best avoided--for psychological reasons, and to assess if women of a certain social or psychological background would benefit from a specific abortion method. Three groups of women were interviewed two weeks after a first trimester abortion; 1/43 women having an 'ordinary abortion' with preoperative ripening of the cervix followed by a vacuum aspiration under heavy sedation, 2/40 women having a modified Karman exeresis with a paracervical block, 3/45 women having a medical abortion with RU 486 and prostaglandin. There was a noticeable difference in the effect the three abortion methods had on the women taking part in the study. Women with a medical abortion reported more bleeding and somewhat more pain and moral considerations than the other women, but also a relief to be spared a surgical procedure. Most of the women said they preferred the abortion method they had just experienced. A short waiting time appeared to be more important than whether a surgical or a medical method was used. Which abortion method is the best in each case is dependent on a variety of personal reasons, and can only be decided by each woman, in consultation with her doctor.

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