Characterization of hypervariable regions in the putative envelope protein of hepatitis C virus

N Kato, Y Ootsuyama, S Ohkoshi, T Nakazawa, H Sekiya, M Hijikata, K Shimotohno
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 1992 November 30, 189 (1): 119-27
We previously identified two hypervariable regions [HVR1 (27 amino acids) and HVR2 (7 amino acids)] in the putative envelope glycoprotein (gp70) by comparison of the amino acid sequences of many isolates of the HCV-II genotype. To understand the functional features of these HVRs, using the polymerase chain reaction we analyzed the rate of actual sequence variability in the region including HVR1 and HVR2 of HCV isolated successively at intervals of several months from two patients with chronic C-type hepatitis. In both patients, the amino acid sequence of HVR1, but not HVR2, was found to change dramatically during the observation period (about one amino acid per month). However, no alteration of the amino acid sequence of HVR1 of HCV was observed in a patient in the acute phase of chronic hepatitis. Restriction digestion analysis of sequence diversity showed that a HCV genome with a newly introduced mutation in HVR1 often became the predominant population at the next time of examination. Alterations of amino acids in HVR1 occurred sequentially in the two patients in the chronic phase. These findings suggest that mutations in HVR1 are involved in the mechanism of persistent chronic HCV infection.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"