CLINICAL TRIAL
CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIAL
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Long-term renal survival in HIV-associated nephropathy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition.

BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in HIV-infected patients. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition has previously shown a short-term benefit in HIVAN. This study examines the long-term effects of ACE inhibition on renal survival in HIVAN.

METHODS: In this single-center prospective cohort study, 44 patients with biopsy-proven HIVAN were enrolled prior to the onset of severe renal insufficiency (serum creatinine <or=2.0 mg/dL), throughout the study period of 1890 days (5.1 years). Twenty-eight patients received fosinopril, 10 mg/day, and 16 were followed as controls. End points included ESRD and death. Treatment effects on survival were evaluated with Kaplan-Meier product-limit estimates. Survival is also described as absolute median number of days.

RESULTS: Median renal survival of treated patients was 479.5 days, with only one patient developing ESRD. All untreated controls progressed to ESRD, with a median renal survival of 146.5 days (P < 0.0001). There were no significant differences between treatment and control groups in age, significant exposure to antiretroviral therapy, defined as >or=two antiviral drugs for >or=30 consecutive days, CD4 lymphocyte count, initial median serum creatinine concentration, or proteinuria. Risk of renal failure was reduced with ACE inhibitors (RR = 0.003, P < 0.0001). Exposure to antiretroviral therapy did not have a significant impact on the risk of renal failure. Of the ACE inhibitor-treated group, 87.5% survived compared with 21.4% of the control group (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: ACE inhibition initiated prior to severe renal insufficiency may offer long-term renal survival benefits in HIVAN. Diagnosis should be sought early in patients with clinical signs suggestive of HIVAN.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app