Role of vitamin D and parathyroid hormone in the regulation of bone turnover and bone mass in men: the MINOS study

P Szulc, F Munoz, F Marchand, M C Chapuy, P D Delmas
Calcified Tissue International 2003, 73 (6): 520-30
We investigated the role of vitamin D and of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the regulation of bone mineral density (BMD), tone dimensions and seasonal variation of bone turnover in 881 men aged 19-85 years. Bone mineral content (BMC) and BMD of the lumbar spine, hip and whole body were measured with HOLOGIC 1000W and those of distal forearm with an OSTEOMETER DTX 100 device. Bone formation was evaluated using osteocalcin, bone alkaline phosphatase and N-terminal extension propeptide of type I collagen (PINP). Bone resorption was evaluated by 24-hour excretion of deoxypyridinoline and of C-terminal telopeptide of collagen type I. In young men (< 55 yrs) PTH level decreased with age (r = -0.18, P < 0.005) whereas 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentration was stable. In older men (> 55 years) 25OHD decreased whereas PTH increased with age (r = -0.27 and r = 0.21, P = 0.0001). In young men, 25OHD level varied with season but not PTH, biochemical markers of bone turnover nor BMD. In young men, 25OHD, but not PTH, was a significant determinant of BMC, cortical thickness and of biomechanical properties of the femoral neck. Biochemical bone markers and BMD were not correlated with PTH nor with 25OHD. In elderly men, winter levels of 25OHD were lowest whereas those of PTH, bone resorption markers and PINP were highest. After adjustment for age, body weight and season, biochemical markers of bone turnover were correlated with PTH. In elderly men, 25OHD and PTH were significant determinants of BMC, cortical thickness and of biomechanical parameters of the femoral neck. Men with vertebral deformities had lower concentrations of 25OHD, higher PTH levels and slightly elevated urinary excretion of biochemical markers of bone resorption compared with men without vertebral deformities. In conclusion, in young men, 25OHD discloses a seasonal variability in contrast to PTH and biochemical bone markers. In this group, 25OHD is a significant determinant of BMC and BMD but not of bone size. In elderly men, seasonal variation of 25OHD and PTH concentrations result in seasonal variation of bone resorption. In this group, both 25OHD and PTH are determinants of BMC and cortical thickness of the femoral neck and, consequently, of its mechanical parameters.

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