Effect of subthalamic nucleus or entopeduncular nucleus lesion on levodopa-induced neurochemical changes within the basal ganglia and on levodopa-induced motor alterations in 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats

Céline Périer, Concepció Marin, Anna Jimenez, Mercè Bonastre, Eduardo Tolosa, Etienne C Hirsch
Journal of Neurochemistry 2003, 86 (6): 1328-37
Inactivation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) or the internal segment of the pallidum (GPi)/entopeduncular nucleus (EP) by deep brain stimulation or lesioning alleviates clinical manifestations of Parkinson's disease (PD) as well as reducing the side-effects of levodopa treatment. However, the effects of STN or entopeduncular nucleus (EP) lesion on levodopa-related motor fluctuations and on neurochemical changes induced by levodopa remain largely unknown. The effects of such lesions on levodopa-induced motor alterations were studied in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rats and were assessed neurochemically by analyzing the functional activity of the basal ganglia nuclei, using the expression levels of the mRNAs coding for glutamic acid decarboxylase and cytochrome oxidase as molecular markers of neuronal activity. At the striatal level, preproenkephalin (PPE) mRNA levels were analyzed. We found in 6-OHDA-lesioned rats that a unilateral STN or EP lesion ipsilateral to the 6-OHDA lesion had no effect on either the shortening in the duration of the levodopa-induced rotational response or the levodopa-induced biochemical changes in the basal ganglia nuclei. In contrast, overexpression of PPE mRNA due to levodopa treatment was reversed by the STN or EP lesion. Our study thus shows that lesion of the EP or STN may counteract some of the neurochemical changes induced by levodopa treatment within the striatum.

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