JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Prevention of venous thromboembolism in medical patients with enoxaparin: a subgroup analysis of the MEDENOX study

Raza Alikhan, Alexander T Cohen, Sophie Combe, Meyer M Samama, Louis Desjardins, Amiram Eldor, Charles Janbon, Alain Leizorovicz, Carl-Gustav Olsson, Alexander G G Turpie
Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis 2003, 14 (4): 341-6
12945875
The Medical Patients with Enoxaparin (MEDENOX) trial was a randomized, placebo-controlled study that defined the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in acutely ill, immobilized, general medical patients and the efficacy of the low-molecular-weight heparin, enoxaparin, in preventing thrombosis. We performed a post-hoc analysis to evaluate the effect of 40 mg enoxaparin once daily on MEDENOX patient outcome in different types of acute medical illness (heart failure, respiratory failure, infection, rheumatic disorder and inflammatory bowel disease) and pre-defined risk factors (chronic heart and chronic respiratory failure, age, immobility, previous VTE and cancer). The primary outcome was the occurrence of documented VTE between days 1 and 14. The relative risk reduction [95% confidence intervals (CI)] for VTE comparing 40 mg enoxaparin with placebo in the subgroups were: acute heart failure, 0.29 (95% CI, 0.10-0.84); acute respiratory failure, 0.25 (95% CI, 0.10-0.65); acute infectious disease, 0.28 (95% CI, 0.09-0.81); and acute rheumatic disorder, 0.48 (95% CI, 0.11-2.16). The relative risk reduction for VTE in the pre-defined risk factor subgroups were: chronic heart failure, 0.26 (95% CI, 0.08-0.92); chronic respiratory failure, 0.26 (95% CI, 0.10-0.68); age, 0.22 (95% CI, 0.09-0.51); immobility, 0.53 (95% CI, 0.14-1.72); previous VTE, 0.49 (95% CI, 0.15-1.68); and cancer, 0.50 (95%o CI, 0.14-1.72). The beneficial effects of enoxaparin extend to a wide range of acutely ill medical patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12945875
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"