Clinical Trial
Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Cerebral venous thrombosis in children: a multifactorial origin.

Circulation 2003 September 17
BACKGROUND: The present study was performed to assess the association of prothrombotic risk factors and underlying conditions (infections, vascular trauma, immobilization, malignancies, autoimmune diseases, renal diseases, metabolic disorders, obesity, birth asphyxia, cardiac malformations, and use of prothrombotic drugs) with cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) in children.

METHODS AND RESULTS: From 1995 to 2002, 149 pediatric patients aged newborn to <18 years (median 6 years) with CVT were consecutively enrolled. In patients and in 149 age- and gender-matched children with similar underlying clinical conditions but without CVT, the factor V G1691A mutation, the factor II G20210A variant, lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], protein C, protein S, antithrombin, and antiphospholipid antibodies, as well as associated clinical conditions, were investigated. Eighty-four (56.4%) of the patients had at least 1 prothrombotic risk factor compared with 31 control children (20.8%; P<0.0001). In addition, 105 (70.5%) of 149 patients with CVT presented with an underlying predisposing condition. On univariate analysis, factor V, protein C, protein S, and elevated Lp(a) were found to be significantly associated with CVT. However, in multivariate analysis, only the combination of a prothrombotic risk factor with an underlying condition (OR 3.9, 95% CI 1.8 to 8.6), increased Lp(a) (OR 4.1, 95% CI 2.0 to 8.7), and protein C deficiency (OR 11.1, 95% CI 1.2 to 104.4) had independent associations with CVT in the children investigated.

CONCLUSIONS: CVT in children is a multifactorial disease that, in the majority of cases, results from a combination of prothrombotic risk factors and/or underlying clinical condition.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app