JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Sufentanil added to hyperbaric bupivacaine for subarachnoid block in Caesarean section

A de F de Assunção Braga, F S da Silva Braga, G M Braga Potério, R I Costa Pereira, E Reis, E Cremonesi
European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2003, 20 (8): 631-5
12932064

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Subarachnoid block is a widely used technique for Caesarean section. Its quality can be improved by adding opioids to the local anaesthetics. We studied the quality of the block and its maternal-fetal repercussions when different doses of sufentanil were combined with hyperbaric bupivacaine using the intrathecal route in pregnant women undergoing Caesarean section.

METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial with 80 pregnant women, ASA I-II, who were scheduled for elective Caesarean section under subarachnoid block. Patients were distributed into four groups according to the dose of sufentanil used: no sufentanil (Group 1, control) or 2.5, or 5.0 or 7.5 microg sufentanil (Groups 2-4, respectively). In every group, the local anaesthetic used was hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% (12.5 mg) and the total volume of the solution 4 mL. The onset time of the block, maximum level of sensory block, motor block level, duration of analgesia, maternal side-effects and maternal-fetal cardiovascular repercussions were evaluated.

RESULTS: Onset of the block was significantly shorter in the groups receiving opioids compared with the control group. Analgesia was significantly prolonged in Groups 3 and 4. The occurrence of pruritus and somnolence was significantly higher in the group receiving sufentanil 7.5 microg than in other groups. With the exception of pruritus, no differences were observed between groups with respect to cardiovascular or other maternal effects.

CONCLUSIONS: The addition of sufentanil 5.0 and 7.5 microg to hyperbaric bupivacaine provided adequate anaesthesia for Caesarean section and good postoperative analgesia. Pruritus was the most common side-effect and had a significantly higher incidence when a dose of sufentanil 7.5 microg was used.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12932064
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"