Benefits and costs of immunization of children with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in Canada

Philippe De Wals, Geneviève Petit, Lonny James Erickson, Maryse Guay, Theresa Tam, Barbara Law, Alicia Framarin
Vaccine 2003 September 8, 21 (25): 3757-64
To estimate cost-effectiveness of routine and catch-up vaccination of Canadian children with seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, a simulation model was constructed. In base scenario (vaccination coverage: 80%, and vaccine price: 58 dollars per dose), pneumococcal disease incidence reduction would be superior to 60% for invasive infections, and to 30% for non-invasive infections, but the number of deaths prevented would be small. Annual costs of routine immunization would be 71 million dollars (98% borne by the health system). Societal benefit to cost ratio would be 0.57. Net societal costs per averted pneumococcal disease would be 389 dollars and 125,000 per life-year gained (LYG). Vaccine purchase cost is the most important variable in sensitivity analyses, and program costs would be superior to societal benefits in all likely scenarios. Vaccination would result in net savings for society, if vaccine cost is less than 30 dollars per dose. Economic indicators of catch-up programs are less favorable than for routine infant immunization.

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