Technical considerations related to the minute ventilation/carbon dioxide output slope in patients with heart failure

Ross Arena, Jonathan Myers, Syed Salman Aslam, Elsa B Varughese, Mary Ann Peberdy
Chest 2003, 124 (2): 720-7

BACKGROUND: The minute ventilation (VE)-carbon dioxide output (VCO(2)) relationship has recently been demonstrated to have prognostic significance in the heart failure (HF) population. However, the method by which the VE/VCO(2) slope is expressed has been inconsistent.

METHODS: One hundred eighty-eight subjects, who had received diagnoses of HF, underwent exercise testing. Two VE/VCO(2) slope calculations were made, one using exercise data prior to the ventilatory threshold (VT), and one using all data points from rest to peak exercise. Four separate peak exercise VE/VCO(2) slope calculations also were derived with unaveraged, 10-s, 30-s, and 60-s ventilatory expired gas sampling intervals.

RESULTS: Although univariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated pre-VT and peak VE/VCO(2) slope calculations to both be significant predictors of cardiac-related mortality and hospitalization (p < 0.001), the peak classification scheme was significantly better (p < 0.01). The ventilatory expired gas-sampling interval that was used did not impact the predictive ability of the peak VE/VCO(2) slope.

CONCLUSION: Although both the pre-VT and peak VE/VCO(2) slope calculations were prognostically significant, the peak expression was superior. The sampling interval did not appear to have a significant impact on prognostic utility. We hope that the results of the present study will contribute to the standardization of the VE/VCO(2) slope and will enhance its clinical application.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"