Cardiac resynchronization therapy can reverse abnormal myocardial strain distribution in patients with heart failure and left bundle branch block

Ole A Breithardt, Christoph Stellbrink, Lieven Herbots, Piet Claus, Anil M Sinha, Bart Bijnens, Peter Hanrath, George R Sutherland
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2003 August 6, 42 (3): 486-94

OBJECTIVES: We studied the effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on regional myocardial strain distribution, as determined by echocardiographic strain rate (SR) imaging.

BACKGROUND: Dilated hearts with left bundle branch block (LBBB) have an abnormal redistribution of myocardial fiber strain. The effects of CRT on such abnormal strain patterns are unknown.

METHODS: We studied 18 patients (12 males and 6 females; mean age 65 +/- 11 years [range 33 to 76 years]) with symptomatic systolic heart failure and LBBB. Doppler myocardial imaging studies were performed to acquire regional longitudinal systolic velocity (cm/s), systolic SR (s(-1)), and systolic strain (%) data from the basal and mid-segments of the septum and lateral wall before and after CRT. By convention, negative SR and strain values indicate longitudinal shortening.

RESULTS: Before CRT, mid-septal peak SR and peak strain were lower than in the mid-lateral wall (peak SR: -0.79 +/- 0.5 [septum] vs. -1.35 +/- 0.8 [lateral wall], p < 0.05; peak strain: -7 +/- 5 [septum] vs. -11 +/- 5 [lateral wall], p < 0.05). This relationship was reversed during CRT (peak SR: -1.35 +/- 0.8 [septum] vs. -0.93 +/- 0.6 [lateral wall], p < 0.05; peak strain: -11 +/- 6 [septum] vs. -7 +/- 6 [lateral wall], p < 0.05). Cardiac resynchronization therapy reversed the septal-lateral difference in mid-segmental peak strain from -46 +/- 94 ms (LBBB) to 17 +/- 92 ms (CRT; p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Left bundle branch block can lead to a significant redistribution of abnormal myocardial fiber strains. These abnormal changes in the extent and timing of septal-lateral strain relationships can be reversed by CRT. The noninvasive identification of specific abnormal but reversible strain patterns should help to improve patient selection for CRT.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"