MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Spontaneous breathing improves lung aeration in oleic acid-induced lung injury

Hermann Wrigge, Jörg Zinserling, Peter Neumann, Jerome Defosse, Anders Magnusson, Christian Putensen, Göran Hedenstierna
Anesthesiology 2003, 99 (2): 376-84
12883410

BACKGROUND: Experimental and clinical studies have shown reduction in intrapulmonary shunt with improved oxygenation by spontaneous breathing with airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) in acute lung injury. The mechanisms of these findings are not clear. The authors hypothesized that spontaneous breathing results in better aeration of lung tissue and that improvement in oxygenation can be explained by these changes. This hypothesis was studied in a porcine model of oleic acid-induced lung injury.

METHODS: Two hours after induction of lung injury, 24 pigs were randomly assigned to APRV with or without spontaneous breathing at a positive end-expiratory pressure of 5 cm H(2)O. Hemodynamics, spirometry, and end-expiratory lung volume by nitrogen washout were measured at baseline, after 2 h of lung injury, and after 2 and 4 h of mechanical ventilation in the specific mode. Finally, spiral computed tomography of the chest was performed at end-expiratory lung volume in 22 pigs.

RESULTS: Arterial carbon dioxide tension and mean and end-inspiratory airway pressures were comparable between settings. Four hours of APRV with spontaneous breathing resulted in improved oxygenation compared with APRV without spontaneous breathing (arterial oxygen tension, 144 +/- 65 vs. 91 +/- 50 mmHg, P < 0.01 for interaction time x mode), higher end-expiratory lung volume (786 +/- 320 vs. 384 +/- 148 ml, P < 0.001), and better aeration. End-expiratory lung volume and venous admixture were both correlated with the amount of lung reaeration (r(2) = 0.62 and r(2) = 0.61, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: The results support the hypothesis that spontaneous breathing during APRV improves oxygenation mainly by recruitment of nonaerated lung and improved aeration of the lungs.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12883410
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"