Rosiglitazone improves downstream insulin receptor signaling in type 2 diabetic patients

Yoshinori Miyazaki, Helen He, Lawrence J Mandarino, Ralph A DeFronzo
Diabetes 2003, 52 (8): 1943-50
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) improve glycemic control and insulin sensitivity in patients with type 2 diabetes. To determine whether the TZD-induced improvement in glycemic control is associated with enhanced insulin receptor signaling in skeletal muscle, 20 type 2 diabetic patients received a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and euglycemic insulin (80 mU x m(-2) x min(-1)) clamp with [3-(3)H]glucose/indirect calorimetry/vastus lateralis muscle biopsies before and after 16 weeks of rosiglitazone treatment. Six age-matched nondiabetic subjects served as control subjects. RSG improved fasting plasma glucose (185 +/- 8 to 139 +/- 5 mg/dl), mean plasma glucose during the OGTT (290 +/- 9 to 225 +/- 6 mg/dl), HbA(1c) (8.5 +/- 0.3 to 7.1 +/- 0.3%), insulin-mediated total-body glucose disposal (TGD) (6.9 +/- 0.7 to 9.2 +/- 0.8 mg x kg(-1) fat-free mass x min(-1)) (all P < 0.001), and decreased fasting plasma free fatty acid (FFA) (789 +/- 59 to 656 +/- 50 micro Eq/l) and mean FFA during the OGTT (644 +/- 41 to 471 +/- 35 micro Eq/l) (both P < 0.01). Before RSG treatment, insulin infusion did not significantly increase insulin receptor tyrosine phosphorylation (0.95 +/- 0.10 to 1.08 +/- 0.13 density units; NS) but had a small stimulatory effect on insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 tyrosine phosphorylation (1.05 +/- 0.10 to 1.21 +/- 0.12 density units; P < 0.01) and the association of p85 with IRS-1 (0.94 +/- 0.06 to 1.08 +/- 0.06 activity units; P < 0.01). RSG therapy had no effect on basal or insulin-stimulated insulin receptor tyrosine phosphorylation but increased insulin stimulation of IRS-1 tyrosine phosphorylation (1.13 +/- 0.11 to 1.56 +/- 0.17 density units; P < 0.01 vs. prerosiglitazone) and p85 association with IRS-1 (1.00 +/- 0.06 to 1.27 +/- 0.07 activity units; P < 0.05 vs. prerosiglitazone). In control and type 2 diabetic subjects, TGD/nonoxidative glucose disposal correlated positively with the insulin-stimulated increments in IRS-1 tyrosine phosphorylation (r = 0.52/r = 0.57, P < 0.01) and inversely with the plasma FFA concentration during the insulin clamp (r = -0.55/r = -0.53, P < 0.01). However, no significant association between plasma FFA concentrations during the insulin clamp and the increment in either IRS-1 tyrosine phosphorylation or the association of p85 with IRS-1 was observed. In conclusion, in type 2 diabetic patients, rosiglitazone treatment enhances downstream insulin receptor signaling in muscle and decreases plasma FFA concentration while improving glycemic control.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"