Outcomes of acute myocardial infarction in Canada

Jack V Tu, Peter C Austin, Woganee A Filate, Helen L Johansen, Susan E Brien, Louise Pilote, David A Alter et al.
Canadian Journal of Cardiology 2003, 19 (8): 893-901

BACKGROUND: Little information is available on recent population-based trends in the outcomes of patients who have had an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Canada.

METHODS: Data were analyzed from the Discharge Abstract Database and Hospital Morbidity Database of the Canadian Institute for Health Information. All new cases of AMI in Canada between fiscal 1997/98 and fiscal 1999/2000 of patients at least 20 years old were examined. Data were also analyzed from these databases for hospital readmissions for a second AMI, angina and congestive heart failure (CHF).

RESULTS: There were 139,523 new AMI cases. The overall crude in-hospital AMI mortality rate in Canada was 12.3%. In-hospital mortality rate after an AMI was worse for women than for men in Canada (16.7% and 9.9%, respectively). The age- and sex-standardized in-hospital mortality rate varied from a low of 10.5% (95% CI 8.4% to 12.6%) in Prince Edward Island to a high of 13.1% (95% CI 12.8% to 13.5%) in Quebec. Among AMI survivors, 12.5% were readmitted within one year for angina, 7.7% for a second AMI and 7.5% for CHF. There were wide interregional differences in age- and sex-standardized mortality rates and one-year readmission rates.

CONCLUSIONS: AMI is associated with a substantial acute mortality rate in Canada, especially in the elderly and female patients. Identifying the causes of interregional differences in patient outcomes should be a priority for future research.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"