JOURNAL ARTICLE

Alternate class I MHC antigen processing is inhibited by Toll-like receptor signaling pathogen-associated molecular patterns: Mycobacterium tuberculosis 19-kDa lipoprotein, CpG DNA, and lipopolysaccharide

Aaron A R Tobian, Nicholas S Potter, Lakshmi Ramachandra, Rish K Pai, Marilyn Convery, W Henry Boom, Clifford V Harding
Journal of Immunology 2003 August 1, 171 (3): 1413-22
12874233
Pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) signal through Toll-like receptors (TLRs) to activate immune responses, but prolonged exposure to PAMPs from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and other pathogens inhibits class II MHC (MHC-II) expression and Ag processing, which may allow MTB to evade CD4(+) T cell immunity. Alternate class I MHC (MHC-I) processing allows macrophages to present Ags from MTB and other bacteria to CD8(+) T cells, but the effect of PAMPs on this processing pathway is unknown. In our studies, MTB and TLR-signaling PAMPs, MTB 19-kDa lipoprotein, CpG DNA, and LPS, inhibited alternate MHC-I processing of latex-conjugated Ag by IFN-gamma-activated macrophages. Inhibition was dependent on TLR-2 for MTB 19-kDa lipoprotein (but not whole MTB or the other PAMPs); inhibition was dependent on myeloid differentiation factor 88 for MTB and all of the individual PAMPs. Inhibition of MHC-II and alternate MHC-I processing was delayed, appearing after 16 h of PAMP exposure, as would occur in chronically infected macrophages. Despite inhibition of alternate MHC-I Ag processing, there was no inhibition of MHC-I expression, MHC-I-restricted presentation of exogenous peptide or conventional MHC-I processing of cytosolic Ag. MTB 19-kDa lipoprotein and other PAMPs inhibited phagosome maturation and phagosome Ag degradation in a myeloid differentiation factor 88-dependent manner; this may limit availability of peptides to bind MHC-I. By inhibiting both MHC-II and alternate MHC-I Ag processing, pathogens that establish prolonged infection of macrophages (>16 h), e.g., MTB, may immunologically silence macrophages and evade surveillance by both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells, promoting chronic infection.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12874233
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"