JOURNAL ARTICLE

Graft-versus-host disease, donor chimerism, and organ toxicity in stem cell transplantation after conditioning with fludarabine and melphalan

David S Ritchie, James Morton, Jeff Szer, Andrew W Roberts, Simon Durrant, Peter Shuttleworth, Andrew P Grigg
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 2003, 9 (7): 435-42
12869957
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may be used to induce a graft-versus-tumor effect against a range of malignancies. Pretransplantation conditioning regimens vary considerably in their degree of myelosuppression and immunosuppression, which may result in marked differences in the rate of T-cell engraftment and, as a consequence, the onset and severity of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We have examined the development of T-cell chimerism and the onset of GVHD following fludarabine and melphalan conditioning in 39 patients undergoing stem cell allografts from matched-sibling donors. Cyclosporin and short-course methotrexate were used as GVHD prophylaxis. Fatal regimen-related toxicity occurred in 4 patients. Rapid T-cell engraftment was found in all but 1 of the patients assessed, with more than 90% donor T-cell chimerism at 1 month posttransplantation. Of the evaluable patients, 43% developed grade 2-4 acute GVHD and 87% developed chronic GVHD (70% extensive). Overall, the combination of fludarabine and melphalan is intensely immunosuppressive, leads to rapid T-cell engraftment and results in substantial toxicity and GVHD, particularly in heavily pretreated patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12869957
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"