JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

The Doppler-guided transfalcine venous approach in selected cases of vein of Galen malformations.

OBJECTIVE: This investigation was performed to evaluate the specific procedural issues and indications of a surgically assisted Doppler-guided endovascular transfalcine venous approach for the treatment of vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations (VGAM) in critically ill neonates.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two neonates out of a clinical series of 15 children (8 males and 7 females) with vein of Galen malformations were treated by our neurovascular team, using a combined surgically assisted endovascular transfalcine approach. In the biplanar angiography room a radiographically guided craniotomy (1.5 cm) was placed over the cranial projection of the falciforme sinus. After craniotomy the orthograd flow of the falciforme sinus was identified by Doppler ultrasonography. The sinus was punctured by an i. v. cannula with injection port and was sutured to the skin. A microcatheter was maneuvered over a guide into the malformation under fluoroscopic control. For embolization Guglielmi electrolytically detachable platinum coils were placed into the malformation as an embolic agent. Neurological examination records, available MR images, computed tomographic scans, pre- and postembolization angiograms and follow-up data were analyzed.

RESULTS: In both individuals the malformation was classified as VGAM. The follow-up was 6 and 7 months, respectively. No technique associated morbidity or mortality occurred in the present series. At discharge both selected neonates were in stable condition and the flow in the VGAMs could be significantly reduced by a combination of approaches including the venous transfalcine approach. Meanwhile, 6 months after birth one neonate died due to a deterioration of the pulmonary hypertension.

CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular treatment is presently the most efficient strategy to allow neonates and infants survive the early manifestation of vein of Galen malformations and probably render a normal neurological development. Consequently, a combination of approaches in selected cases including the Doppler guided venous transfalcine route should be regarded as a preferential treatment modality, especially in patients with arterial vasospasms and venous stenosis.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app