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Spinal p38 MAP kinase is necessary for NMDA-induced spinal PGE(2) release and thermal hyperalgesia

Camilla I Svensson, Xiao-Ying Hua, Andrew A Protter, Henry C Powell, Tony L Yaksh
Neuroreport 2003 June 11, 14 (8): 1153-7
12821799
Based on previous work, we hypothesized that activation of spinal NMDA-receptor initiates activation of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) pathway, leading to spinal release of prostaglandins and hyperalgesia. Accordingly, we examined the effect of intrathecal SD-282, a selective p38 MAPK inhibitor, on NMDA-induced release of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) and thermal hyperalgesia. Inhibition of spinal p38 MAPK attenuated both NMDA-evoked release of PGE(2) and thermal hyperalgesia. NMDA injection led to increased phospho-p38 MAPK immunoreactivity in superficial (I-II) dorsal laminae. Co-labeling studies revealed co-localization of activated p38 MAPK predominantly with microglia but also with a small subpopulation of neurons. Taken together these data suggest a role for p38 MAPK in NMDA-induced PGE(2) release and hyperalgesia, and that microglia is involved in spinal nociceptive processing.

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