Specific COX-2 inhibitor, NS-398, suppresses cellular proliferation and induces apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells

Alfred S L Cheng, Henry L Y Chan, Wai K Leung, Nathalie Wong, Philip J Johnson, Joseph J Y Sung
International Journal of Oncology 2003, 23 (1): 113-9
Cyclooxygenase (COX-2) has been recently suggested to play a role in hepatocarcinogenesis. However, the exact pathway by which COX-2 affects the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not clear. This study investigated the effects of a specific COX-2 inhibitor, NS-398, on the cell proliferation and apoptosis of COX-2-expressing and non-expressing HCC cell lines. In addition, the modulatory effect of NS-398 on apoptosis-regulating gene expression was examined. Semi-quantitative/quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot showed that Hep3B and HKCI-4 cells expressed COX-2 mRNA and protein, but HepG2 cells did not. NS-398 suppressed cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in the two COX-2-expressing cell lines in a dose-dependent manner, but not in HepG2 cells. Fas ligand mRNA and protein expression were increased by the treatment with NS-398 (10 micro M) in COX-2-expressing cell lines. The expressions of Fas and Bcl-2 family genes (Bax, Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, Bcl-xS) were not affected by NS-398 treatment in all three cell lines. In conclusion, specific COX-2 inhibitor suppresses cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in HCC cell lines that express COX-2. Our finding suggests that COX-2 inhibition may offer a new approach for HCC chemoprevention.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"