The HLA-DRB, -DQB polymorphism and anti-insulin antibody response in Slovenian patients with type 1 diabetes

T Battelino, N Ursic-Bratina, V Dolzan, M Stopar-Obreza, P Pozzilli, C Krzisnik, B Vidan-Jeras
European Journal of Immunogenetics 2003, 30 (3): 223-7
A combination of specific HLA class II antigens and the presence of type 1 diabetes (T1D)-related antibodies has a high positive predictive value for T1D but low sensitivity. The aim of the present study was to determine the frequencies of HLA-DRB-DQB deduced haplotypes associated with susceptibility and protection in Slovenian patients with established T1D, to evaluate the relationship between the HLA-DRB1-QBP-DQB1 haplotypes and the presence of insulin autoantibodies (IAA) and glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GADA), and to access the possible impact of polymorphic QBP promoters on this relationship. A cohort of 135 patients with T1D (age 17.5 +/- 7.0 years, duration of T1D 9.14 +/- 6.3 years) was investigated. HLA-DRB1 and DQB1 alleles were typed using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-reverse line blot method. QBP promoter region alleles were determined using PCR-sequence-specific oligonucleotide hybridization (SSO) and PCR-sequence-specific primers (SSP). IAA and GADA antibodies were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The chi-square test with Yates' correction was used for statistical analysis. Deduced haplotypes DRB1*0301-DQB1*0201 (P = 0.0001, OR = 3.4), DRB1*0401-DQB1*0302 (P = 0.0001, OR = 29.8), and DRB1*0402-DQB1*0302 (P = 0.008, OR = 4.7) were significantly more common, and DRB1*1501-DQB1*0602 (P = 0.0001, OR = 0.03) significantly less common in the investigated cohort than in a Slovenian control group. The highest risk and the strongest protective HLA-DR-DQ haplotypes found in Slovenian patients with T1D did not differ from those found in other Caucasian populations. While the DRB1*0301-QBP2.1-DQB1*0201 haplotype, where QBP2.1 did not help to further distinguish DQB1*0201-possessing haplotypes in IAA-positive and IAA-negative patients, was strongly associated with the presence of IAA, the DRB1*0101-QBP5.12-DQB1*0501 haplotype, although not protective compared to the control population, was associated with an absence of IAA in the investigated cohort. It is suggested that there may be a combined influence of the QBP5.12 promoter and the DQB1*0501 functional molecule on reduced IAA production.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"