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JOURNAL ARTICLE

The correlation between quality of life and functional outcome in ulcerative colitis patients after proctocolectomy ileal pouch anal anastomosis

E Carmon, A Keidar, A Ravid, G Goldman, M Rabau
Colorectal Disease 2003, 5 (3): 228-32
12780883

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate functional outcome and quality of life (QOL) in patients undergoing proctocolectomy ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA), to assess the correlation between functional outcome and QOL, and to identify factors influencing functional outcome and QOL in these patients.

BACKGROUND: IPAA is now considered the procedure of choice for ulcerative colitis. Functional outcome and QOL are important factors in evaluating operative outcome.

METHODS: All patients with UC who had undergone IPAA at our institute during the period 1990-2001 were included. QOL and functional outcome were evaluated by mailed questionnaires. QOL was scored using the Short Form 36 (SF-36). Global Assessment of Function Scale was used to evaluate functional outcome.

RESULTS: Data were obtained in 77 of 99 patients (78%), with the median age of 38 years. Median follow up time was 4.25 years. The QOL in patients after pelvic pouch procedure was excellent, with scores equal to published norms for the Israeli general population in most scales. Functional outcome and QOL scores correlated strongly (r > 0.5; P < 0.0001) in all dimensions. Older age was associated with lower scores in both functional outcome and QOL scales (P < 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates a strong association between functional outcome and QOL in patients after IPAA. These patients, however, have a QOL that is comparable with the general population. Age at time of surgery strongly influences both functional outcome and QOL. This finding has to be taken into consideration in pre-operative counseling.

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