Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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Dose-response trial of pregabalin adjunctive therapy in patients with partial seizures.

Neurology 2003 May 28
BACKGROUND: Pregabalin is an alpha(2)-delta ligand that has anxiolytic, analgesic, and anticonvulsant properties.

OBJECTIVE: To establish the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of pregabalin administered twice-daily (BID) without dose titration as adjunctive treatment in patients with partial seizures and to confirm the dose-response relationship.

METHODS: This 76-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study consisted of an 8-week baseline and a 12-week double-blind phase. Patients with refractory partial seizures on one to three antiepileptic drugs were randomly assigned to one of five treatment groups (placebo or 50, 150, 300, and 600 mg/d pregabalin, all administered BID). Efficacy was assessed using seizure frequency reduction and responder rate (> or =50% seizure reduction from baseline). Pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated.

RESULTS: A total of 453 patients were included in the intent-to-treat analysis. The median baseline seizure rate was 10 per month. Seizure frequency reductions from baseline were 7% (placebo; n = 100), 12% (50 mg/d; n = 88), 34% (150 mg/d; n = 86), 44% (300 mg/d; n = 90), and 54% (600 mg/d; n = 89). Responder rates (> or =50% seizure reduction) were 14% (placebo), 15% (50 mg/d), 31% (150 mg/d), 40% (300 mg/d), and 51% (600 mg/d). Discontinuation rates due to adverse events were 5% (placebo), 7% (50 mg/d), 1% (150 mg/d), 14% (300 mg/d), and 24% (600 mg/d). The 150-, 300-, and 600-mg/d pregabalin groups were associated with greater reductions in seizures (p < or = 0.0001) and greater responder rates compared with the placebo group (p < or = 0.006). There was a favorable dose-response trend for both seizure reductions (p < or = 0.0001) and responder rate (p < or = 0.001).

CONCLUSION: Adjunctive therapy with pregabalin 150, 300, and 600 mg/d, given in twice-daily doses without titration, is significantly effective and well tolerated in the treatment of patients with partial seizures as demonstrated in patients with refractory partial seizures.

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