JOURNAL ARTICLE

Eilatin as a bridging ligand in ruthenium(II) complexes: synthesis, crystal structures, absorption spectra, and electrochemical properties

Dalia Gut, Israel Goldberg, Moshe Kol
Inorganic Chemistry 2003 June 2, 42 (11): 3483-91
12767184
The potential of the heptacyclic aromatic alkaloid eilatin (1), that features two nonequivalent binding sites, to serve as a bridging ligand is reported. The nonequivalency of the binding sites allowed the selective synthesis of both mono- and dinuclear complexes. The mononuclear Ru(II) complexes [Ru(dmbpy)(2)(eilatin)](2+) (2) and [Ru(tmbpy)(2)(eilatin)](2+) (3) in which eilatin selectively binds "head-on" were synthesized and employed as building blocks in the synthesis of the dinuclear complexes [[Ru(dmbpy)(2)](2)(mu-eilatin)](4+) (4) and [[Ru(tmbpy)(2)](2)(mu-eilatin)](4+) (5). Complete structure elucidation of the complexes in solution was accomplished by 1D and 2D NMR techniques. The X-ray structures of the mononuclear complex 3 and of the two dinuclear complexes 4 and 5 were solved, and absorption spectra and electrochemical properties of the complexes were explored. Both dinuclear complexes formed as racemic mixtures in a 3:1 diastereoisomeric ratio, the major isomer being the heterochiral one (Delta Lambda/Lambda Delta) as revealed by crystallography. The mononuclear complexes feature an exceptionally low energy MLCT band around 600 nm that shifted to over 700 nm upon the binding of the second Ru(II) center. The mononuclear complexes show one reversible oxidation and several reversible reduction waves, the first two reductions being substantially anodically shifted in comparison with [Ru(bpy)(3)](2+), attributed to the reduction of eilatin, and consistent with its low lying pi* orbital. The dinuclear complexes follow the same reduction trend, exhibiting several reversible reduction waves, and two reversible well-resolved metal centered oxidations due to the nonequivalent binding sites and to a significant metal-metal interaction mediated by the bridging eilatin.

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