JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Peri-operative factors predicting the outcome of hepatic porto-enterostomy in infants with biliary atresia.

INTRODUCTION: Without hepatic transplantation, hepatic porto-enterostomy is the only definitive surgical therapy for infants with biliary atresia. Unfortunately, clearance of jaundice by the procedure is not promising. Pre-operative data that may predict the outcome is of great value in the selection of surgical candidates. Early post-operative determinants of outcome also help in follow-up planning.

OBJECTIVE: To determine peri-operative factors influencing jaundice clearance after hepatic porto-enterostomy in infants with biliary atresia.

PATIENTS AND METHOD: Clinical and laboratory data of pediatric patients undergoing hepatic porto-enterostomy in Songklanagarind Hospital from 1988 to 2001 were reviewed regarding age at operation, clinical presentation, gross pathology of bile duct atresia, liver function profiles and changes after the procedure, liver pathology and post-operative ascending cholangitis. Univariate comparison followed by multivariate logistic regression analysis was analyzed against the clearance of jaundice. Statistical analysis was aided by the Stata 7.0 program. Statistical significance was set at p-value less than 0.05.

RESULTS: There were 62 infants operated on during the thirteen-year period. Four cases of operative death and a case lost to follow-up before the second post-operative month was excluded. The median age at the operation was 78 days (34-326 days). Twenty-four cases (42.1%) presented with signs of portal hypertension. After the operation, 19 cases (33.4%) were jaundice free, 6 cases (10.5%) had fair clearance and 32 cases (56.1%) had a poor result. Univariate analysis revealed an association between age at surgery and jaundice clearance. Post-operative stool color and decline of total bilirubin level at one month after surgery were significantly correlated with the outcome (p < 0.01). Cholangitis within the first post-operative month significantly had an adverse effect on the short-term survival probability. Multivariate analysis showed an independent association of jaundice clearance with age at surgery and type of bile duct atresia.

CONCLUSION: Age of the infants younger than 60 days and type I of bile duct atresia were the key determinants of successful hepatic porto-enterostomy. Early cholangitis was an accelerator of progressive cirrhosis. Stool color and bilirubin level at one month after surgery can be used as predictors of jaundice clearance.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app