COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Simultaneous voiding cystourethrography and voiding urosonography

M Uhl, J Kromeier, L-B Zimmerhackl, K Darge
Acta Radiologica 2003, 44 (3): 265-8
12751996

PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography (VUS) and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) during simultaneous performance of both examinations.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 24 children, 16 girls and 8 boys, with a mean age of 3.5 years referred for reflux examination were recruited for the study. After transurethral bladder catheterization, radiographic contrast medium, followed directly by the US contrast medium, were administered. Fluoroscopic VCUG and VUS were carried out concurrently in the same patient. When 1 kidney was scanned by ultrasound, fluoroscopy was performed on the contralateral side.

RESULTS: In 19 of the 47 kidney-ureter-units (KUU) vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) was detected. In 16 units the reflux was detected by both VCUG and VUS. In 3 KUUs the reflux was detected only at VCUG. All 3 cases were grade 1. Taking the VCUG as the reference standard, VUS had 84% sensitivity, 100% specificity, 100% and 90% positive and negative predictive values, respectively.

CONCLUSION: A dependable comparison could be achieved by performing VCUG and VUS at the same time and under the same conditions. It reconfirmed that VUS is reliable in the exclusion or verification of reflux.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12751996
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"