The SHB adapter protein is required for efficient multilineage differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells

Vitezslav Kriz, Cecilia Annerén, Cheng Lai, Jacob Karlsson, Jaroslav Mares, Michael Welsh
Experimental Cell Research 2003 May 15, 286 (1): 40-56
The SH2 domain-containing adapter protein SHB transmits signals from receptor tyrosine kinases regulating diverse processes such as apoptosis and differentiation. To elucidate a role for SHB in cell differentiation, wild-type and R522K (inactive SH2 domain-mutant) SHB were transfected and expressed in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. Microarray analysis using Affymetrix U74A chips on undifferentiated ES cells and expression of selected differentiation markers after generation of embryoid bodies were subsequently assessed. Wild-type SHB altered the expression of 16 genes in undifferentiated ES cells, many of which have been found to relate to neural cell function. R522K-SHB altered the expression of 128 genes in undifferentiated ES cells, the majority of which were decreased, including several transcription factors related to development. When grown as embryoid bodies, after 4 days R522K-SHB ES cells were already found to display a different morphological appearance, with an impaired cavity formation that occurred in the absence of altered OCT4 expression. This impairment was reversed by exogenous addition of Matrigel. In addition, R522K-SHB embryoid bodies displayed reduced mRNA contents of the liver protein albumin, the pancreatic proteins amylase, glucagon and insulin after 20 days of differentiation. Matrigel did not restore the impaired expression of albumin in the R522K-SHB cells. Expression of the mesodermal marker cardiac actin and the neural marker neurofilament heavy chain alpha was not affected by wild-type or R522K-SHB overexpression. It is concluded that SHB is required for efficient differentiation of ES cells into embryoid bodies with normal cavities and cells belonging to endodermal lineages.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"