Detecting pathogenicity islands and anomalous gene clusters by iterative discriminant analysis

Qiang Tu, Dafu Ding
FEMS Microbiology Letters 2003 April 25, 221 (2): 269-75
We present a simple method to detect pathogenicity islands and anomalous gene clusters in bacterial genomes. The method uses iterative discriminant analysis to define genomic regions that deviate most from the rest of the genome in three compositional criteria: G+C content, dinucleotide frequency and codon usage. Using this method, we identify many virulence-related gene islands, e.g. encoding protein secretion systems, adhesins, toxins, and other anomalous gene clusters, such as prophages. The program and the whole dataset, including the catalogs of genes in the detected anomalous segments, are publicly available at This program can be used in searching for virulence-related factors in newly sequenced bacterial genomes.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"