JOURNAL ARTICLE

Reduced-intensity transplantation with in vivo T-cell depletion and adjuvant dose-escalating donor lymphocyte infusions for chemotherapy-sensitive myeloma: limited efficacy of graft-versus-tumor activity

Karl S Peggs, Stephen Mackinnon, Catherine D Williams, Shirley D'Sa, Dharsha Thuraisundaram, Charalampia Kyriakou, Emma C Morris, Geoff Hale, Herman Waldmann, David C Linch, Anthony H Goldstone, Kwee Yong
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 2003, 9 (4): 257-65
12720218
Reduced-intensity conditioning regimens allow application of allogeneic stem cell transplantation to greater numbers of patients with myeloma by reducing transplantation-related mortality. We prospectively evaluated the role of an approach incorporating in vivo T-cell depletion and subsequent adjuvant donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs) as part of front-line therapy for chemotherapy-sensitive multiple myeloma. Twenty patients with HLA-matched related (n = 12) or unrelated (n = 8) donors entered the study. None had previously undergone autologous transplantation. Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) following transplantation was minimal (3 grade II and no grade III or IV). Nonrelapse mortality rate was relatively low (15%) compared with conventional myeloablative allogeneic transplantation series, although it remained significantly higher than in the autologous setting. Disease responses by 6 months posttransplantation were modest (2 in complete remission, 4 in partial remission, 2 were minimally responsive, 6 had no change, 3 had progressive disease, and 3 were not evaluable). Fourteen patients received escalating-dose DLI for residual/progressive disease. Three developed acute GVHD and 2 developed limited chronic GVHD. Seven demonstrated further disease responses, which appeared to be more common in those developing GVHD (5 of 5 versus 2 of 9; P =.02). All responses were associated with conversion from mixed to full donor T-cell chimerism. Response durations were disappointing (5 <12 months) and progression often occurred despite persisting full donor chimerism. Two-year estimated overall survival and current progression-free survival rates (intention to treat with DLI from 6 months) were 71% and 30%, respectively. The current approach incorporating T-cell depletion appears excessively immunosuppressive despite attempts to restore immune function with DLI. Dose escalation failed to allow convincing dissociation of graft-versus-myeloma from GVHD. Attempts to hasten immune reconstitution and to focus and amplify appropriate components of allogeneic T-cell responses will be required to increase complete remission rates and response durations.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12720218
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"