COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Role and gender differences in cancer-related distress: a comparison of survivor and caregiver self-reports

B Alex Matthews
Oncology Nursing Forum 2003, 30 (3): 493-9
12719748

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine role and gender differences on measures of psychological distress as a consequence of dealing with cancer.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive, quantitative analyses of retrospective survey data.

SETTING: A large, nonprofit, volunteer-based cancer organization. The sample was recruited through an online cancer survivor's network (61%), a rural event (24%), and hospital registries (15%).

SAMPLE: Convenience sample of 135 cancer survivors matched to their family caregivers (N = 270).

METHODS: Dyads (i.e., survivors and family caregivers) completed matched questionnaires requesting demographic and medical information and measures of cancer-related distress.

MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES: Role (i.e., survivor or caregiver), gender, and psychological distress.

FINDINGS: Caregiver means on overall psychological distress were significantly higher than those shown for survivors. Caregiver scores were significantly higher on distress for diagnosis and fear of cancer recurrence. Females scored higher than male caregivers on cancer-related anxiety, future uncertainties, fear of recurrence, and future diagnostic tests. Gender differences were not found for survivor distress.

CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest a need for gender-specific, dyad-tailored cancer support services.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: As expert caregivers, nurses can provide valuable assistance with the caregiving process that may decrease distress during the family's cancer experience and adaptation period.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12719748
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"