JOURNAL ARTICLE

Role of DE-cadherin in neuroblast proliferation, neural morphogenesis, and axon tract formation in Drosophila larval brain development

Karin Dumstrei, Fay Wang, Volker Hartenstein
Journal of Neuroscience 2003 April 15, 23 (8): 3325-35
12716940
In the wild-type brain, the Drosophila classic cadherin DE-cadherin is expressed globally by postembryonic neuroblasts and their lineages ("secondary lineages"), as well as glial cells. To address the role of DE-cadherin in the larval brain, we took advantage of the dominant-negative DE-cad(ex) construct, the expression of which was directed to neurons, glial cells, or both. Global expression of DE-cad(ex) driven by a heat pulse during the early second instar resulted in a severe phenotype that included deficits in neural proliferation. Neuroblasts appeared in approximately normal numbers but had highly reduced mitotic activity. When the DE-cad(ex) construct was driven by the glial-specific driver gcm-Gal4, the effect of DE-cad(ex) on neuroblast proliferation could be replicated, which indicates that DE-cadherin acts in glial cells to promote proliferation of neuroblasts. Expression of DE-cad(ex) in neurons, cortex glia, or both results in abnormalities in cortex layering and in trajectories of secondary axons. In the wild-type brain, neuroblasts and neurons generated at different time points are arranged concentrically around the neuropile, with the DE-cadherin-positive neuroblasts and young secondary neurons at the surface, followed by older secondary neurons and primary neurons. Axons of secondary lineages follow a straight radial course toward the neuropile. Processes of glial cells located in the cortex form a scaffold, called trophospongium, that enwraps neuroblasts and neurons. Expression of DE-cad(ex) in neurons, cortex glia, or both disrupted the regular placement of neuroblasts and secondary neurons and resulted in abnormal trajectories of cell body fiber tracts. We conclude that DE-cadherin plays a pivotal role in larval brain proliferation, brain cortex morphogenesis, and axon growth.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
12716940
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"