Myocardial viability in chronic ischemic heart disease: comparison of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging with (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography

Harald P Kühl, Aernout M Beek, Arno P van der Weerdt, Mark B M Hofman, Cees A Visser, Adriaan A Lammertsma, Nicole Heussen, Frans C Visser, Albert C van Rossum
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2003 April 16, 41 (8): 1341-8

OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (ceMRI) with nuclear metabolic imaging for the assessment of myocardial viability in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction.

BACKGROUND: Contrast-enhanced MRI has been shown to identify scar tissue in ischemically damaged myocardium.

METHODS: Twenty-six patients with chronic coronary artery disease and LV dysfunction (mean ejection fraction 31 +/- 11%) underwent (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET), technetium-99m tetrofosmin single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and ceMRI. In a 17-segment model, the segmental extent of hyperenhancement (SEH) by ceMRI, defined as the relative amount of contrast-enhanced tissue per myocardial segment, was compared with segmental FDG and tetrofosmin uptake by PET and SPECT.

RESULTS: In severely dysfunctional segments (n = 165), SEH was 9 +/- 14%, 33 +/- 25% (p < 0.05), and 80 +/- 23% (p < 0.05) in segments with normal metabolism/perfusion, metabolism/perfusion mismatch, and matched defects, respectively. Segmental glucose uptake by PET was inversely correlated to SEH (r = -0.86, p < 0.001). By receiver operator characteristic curve analysis, the area under the curve was 0.95 for the differentiation between viable and non-viable segments. At a cutoff value of 37%, SEH optimally differentiated viable from non-viable segments defined by PET. Using this threshold, the sensitivity and specificity of ceMRI to detect non-viable myocardium as defined by PET were 96% and 84%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: Contrast-enhanced MRI allows assessment of myocardial viability with a high accuracy, compared with FDG-PET, in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease and LV dysfunction.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"