The 4G/4G genotype of the 4G/5G polymorphism of the type-1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) gene is a determinant of penetrating behaviour in patients with Crohn's disease

M Sans, D Tàssies, M Pellisé, G Espinosa, L Quintó, J M Piqué, J C Reverter, J Panés
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 2003, 17 (8): 1039-47

BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease is a heterogeneous disorder with polygenic inheritance.

AIM: To assess the effect of the 4G/5G polymorphism of the type-1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) gene, the major inhibitor of fibrinolysis, on Crohn's disease susceptibility and phenotype.

METHODS: One hundred and fifty-seven patients with Crohn's disease and 350 controls were included prospectively. Medical records were reviewed to determine changes in the Crohn's disease phenotype. The 4G/5G polymorphism was assessed by polymerase chain reaction techniques.

RESULTS: The frequencies of the 4G/4G, 4G/5G and 5G/5G genotypes were similar in patients with Crohn's disease and controls. The 4G/4G genotype (P < 0.0001; odds ratio, 4.84) and male sex (P = 0.009; odds ratio, 2.63) were independent risk factors for penetrating behaviour in Crohn's disease. Most Crohn's disease patients had a non-penetrating phenotype at diagnosis. The probability of development of a penetrating phenotype within 5 years of diagnosis was higher in patients with the 4G/4G genotype (72% vs. 19%, P < 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS: The 4G/4G genotype of the PAI-1 gene does not influence Crohn's disease susceptibility, but increases by five-fold the probability of penetrating behaviour. Most patients with the 4G/4G genotype have a non-penetrating phenotype at diagnosis, but develop a penetrating behaviour within 5 years. Genotyping the 4G/5G polymorphism may be useful for the identification of a sub-group of patients with aggressive Crohn's disease, who might benefit from specific therapy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"