JOURNAL ARTICLE

The 4G/4G genotype of the 4G/5G polymorphism of the type-1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) gene is a determinant of penetrating behaviour in patients with Crohn's disease

M Sans, D Tàssies, M Pellisé, G Espinosa, L Quintó, J M Piqué, J C Reverter, J Panés
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 2003, 17 (8): 1039-47
12694086

BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease is a heterogeneous disorder with polygenic inheritance.

AIM: To assess the effect of the 4G/5G polymorphism of the type-1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) gene, the major inhibitor of fibrinolysis, on Crohn's disease susceptibility and phenotype.

METHODS: One hundred and fifty-seven patients with Crohn's disease and 350 controls were included prospectively. Medical records were reviewed to determine changes in the Crohn's disease phenotype. The 4G/5G polymorphism was assessed by polymerase chain reaction techniques.

RESULTS: The frequencies of the 4G/4G, 4G/5G and 5G/5G genotypes were similar in patients with Crohn's disease and controls. The 4G/4G genotype (P < 0.0001; odds ratio, 4.84) and male sex (P = 0.009; odds ratio, 2.63) were independent risk factors for penetrating behaviour in Crohn's disease. Most Crohn's disease patients had a non-penetrating phenotype at diagnosis. The probability of development of a penetrating phenotype within 5 years of diagnosis was higher in patients with the 4G/4G genotype (72% vs. 19%, P < 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS: The 4G/4G genotype of the PAI-1 gene does not influence Crohn's disease susceptibility, but increases by five-fold the probability of penetrating behaviour. Most patients with the 4G/4G genotype have a non-penetrating phenotype at diagnosis, but develop a penetrating behaviour within 5 years. Genotyping the 4G/5G polymorphism may be useful for the identification of a sub-group of patients with aggressive Crohn's disease, who might benefit from specific therapy.

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