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Continuous infusion of escalated doses of amphotericin B deoxycholate: an open-label observational study.

Amphotericin B deoxycholate (AmB-d) remains a mainstay of antifungal therapy for immunocompromised patients, despite being associated with significant therapy-related toxicity. Because continuous infusion of AmB-d is better tolerated than traditional administration over 2-6 hours, we evaluated escalation of the AmB-d dose in 33 patients (31 of whom were neutropenic), for whom the initial dosage of AmB-d (1 mg/kg/day) was gradually increased to 2.0 mg/kg/day when renal function remained stable and the drug was tolerated. Dose escalation was possible without delay in 28 patients. Median duration of AmB-d therapy was 16 days (range, 7-72 days). Infusion-related reactions accompanied <18% of AmB-d infusions. Twenty-seven patients had a decrease in creatinine clearance while receiving AmB-d therapy. A >2-fold decrease in creatine clearance was observed in 5 patients, and the decrease was dose-limiting in only 1 patient; no dialysis was required. In conclusion, continuous infusion of AmB-d escalated to 2.0 mg/kg/day seems not to cause additional impairment of vital organ functions and to be well tolerated by most patients.

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