Predictors of continued suicidal behavior in adolescents following a suicide attempt

Anthony Spirito, Sylvia Valeri, Julie Boergers, Deidre Donaldson
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 2003, 32 (2): 284-9
Describes adolescents who attempt suicide and their risk for ongoing suicidal behavior. Fifty-eight adolescents (53 female) who attempted suicide received a baseline evaluation that was analyzed to identify factors that were associated with continued suicidal ideation and reattempt. At a 3-month follow-up assessment, 45% reported continued suicidal ideation and 12% reported a repeat attempt. Baseline measures of family functioning, feelings of hopelessness, and abilities to regulate affect were associated with suicidal ideation at follow-up but not as strongly as depressed mood. After controlling for depressive symptoms, the association between family functioning and continued suicidal behavior was no longer significant. Depressed mood at baseline was most strongly associated with both continued suicidal ideation and reattempt.

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