Action of metyrapone and tetracosactrin to modify cisplatin-induced acute and delayed emesis in the ferret

Tasia S W Sam, Kelvin K W Kan, Man P Ngan, John A Rudd, John H K Yeung
European Journal of Pharmacology 2003 April 11, 466 (1): 163-8
Cisplatin 5 mg/kg, i.p., induced an acute (day 1) and delayed (days 2 and 3) emetic response in the ferret that was used to investigate the potential anti-emetic activity of metyrapone and tetracosactrin and their potential interaction. The 11beta-hydroxylase enzymes inhibitor metyrapone 10-30 mg/kg, i.p., dose dependently potentiated the acute cisplatin-induce retching+vomiting response by up to 219% at the highest dose (P<0.001) but failed to affect significantly delayed emesis (P>0.05). The adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) mimetic tetracosactrin 0.1 mg/kg, i.m., antagonised significantly the acute and delayed emetic response by 98% (P<0.01) and 75% (P<0.001), respectively. The anti-emetic action of tetracosactrin on acute but not delayed emesis was prevented by combination with metyrapone 10 mg/kg, i.p. Tetracosactrin 0.1 mg/kg, i.m., failed to modify apomorphine (0.25 mg/kg, s.c.)-induced emesis. The potential anti-emetic mechanism of action of metyrapone and tetracosactrin to modulate emesis is discussed.

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