Auditory and visual automatic attention deficits in developmental dyslexia

Andrea Facoetti, Maria Luisa Lorusso, Pierluigi Paganoni, Carmen Cattaneo, Raffaella Galli, Carlo Umiltà, Gian Gastone Mascetti
Brain Research. Cognitive Brain Research 2003, 16 (2): 185-91
Several studies have provided evidence for a phonological deficit in developmental dyslexia. However, recent studies provide evidence for a multimodal temporal processing deficit in dyslexia. In fact, dyslexics show both auditory and visual abnormalities, which could result from a more general problem in the perceptual selection of stimuli. Here we report the results of a behavioral study showing that children with dyslexia have both auditory and visual deficits in the automatic orienting of spatial attention. These findings suggest that a deficit of selective spatial attention may distort the development of phonological and orthographic representations that is essential for learning to read.

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