FKRP gene mutations cause congenital muscular dystrophy, mental retardation, and cerebellar cysts

H Topaloglu, M Brockington, Y Yuva, B Talim, G Haliloglu, D Blake, S Torelli, S C Brown, F Muntoni
Neurology 2003 March 25, 60 (6): 988-92

BACKGROUND: Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMD) are autosomal recessive disorders that present within the first 6 months of life with hypotonia and a dystrophic muscle biopsy. CNS involvement is present in some forms. The fukutin-related protein gene (FKRP) is mutated in a severe form of CMD (MDC1C) and a milder limb girdle dystrophy (LGMD2I). Both forms have secondary deficiencies of laminin alpha2 and alpha-dystroglycan immunostaining. Structural brain involvement has not been observed in patients with FKRP gene mutations.

METHODS: The authors studied two unrelated patients who had a pattern of muscle involvement identical to MDC1C, mental retardation, and cerebellar cysts on cranial MRI. The FKRP gene was analyzed along with the skeletal muscle expression of laminin alpha2 and alpha-dystroglycan.

RESULTS: The muscle biopsy of both patients showed severe dystrophic findings, a reduction in laminin alpha2, and profound depletion of alpha-dystroglycan. Both patients had homozygous FKRP gene mutations not previously reported (C663A [Ser221Arg] and C981A [Pro315Thr]).

CONCLUSIONS: Mutations within the FKRP gene can result in CMD associated with mental retardation and cerebellar cysts. This adds structural brain defects to the already wide spectrum of abnormalities caused by FKRP mutations. The severe depletion of alpha-dystroglycan expression suggests that FKRP is involved in the processing of alpha-dystroglycan.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"