Efficacy of rosuvastatin compared with other statins at selected starting doses in hypercholesterolemic patients and in special population groups

James W Blasetto, Evan A Stein, W Virgil Brown, Rohini Chitra, Ali Raza
American Journal of Cardiology 2003 March 6, 91 (5): 3C-10C; discussion 10C
A total of 5 randomized, double-blind trials in patients with hypercholesterolemia were prospectively designed to allow pooling of plasma lipid data after 12 weeks of treatment. The purpose was (1) to compare rosuvastatin 5 and 10 mg with atorvastatin 10 mg (data from 3 of the 5 trials); (2) to compare rosuvastatin 5 and 10 mg with simvastatin 20 mg and pravastatin 20 mg (data from 2 of the 5 trials); and (3) to summarize overall efficacy and subset analyses of rosuvastatin data from all 5 trials. Rosuvastatin 5 mg (n = 390) and 10 mg (n = 389) reduced low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol significantly more than did atorvastatin 10 mg (n = 393) (41.9% and 46.7% vs 36.4%, both p <0.001). Treatment with rosuvastatin 5 mg (n = 240) and 10 mg (n = 226) also resulted in significantly greater reductions in LDL cholesterol compared with both simvastatin 20 mg (n = 249) and pravastatin 20 mg (n = 252) (40.6% and 48.1% vs 27.1% and 35.7%, all p <0.001). Significant differences favoring rosuvastatin 10 mg were also observed for total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein (apo) B, and apo A-I versus atorvastatin 10 mg, and for total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, non-HDL cholesterol, and apo B versus simvastatin 20 mg and pravastatin 20 mg. Analyses of all the rosuvastatin 10 mg data (n = 615) from the 5 trials in subgroups defined by age > or =65 years, female sex, postmenopausal status, hypertension, atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes, and obesity showed that rosuvastatin had consistent efficacy across patient subgroups.

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