Gallstone pancreatitis: when is endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography truly necessary?

Matthias Kraft, Markus M Lerch
Current Gastroenterology Reports 2003, 5 (2): 125-32
Acute pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that can, in a minority of patients, lead to local complications, multiorgan failure, and death. Gallstones are the most common cause of acute pancreatitis in Western countries. The majority of patients with acute gallstone pancreatitis have mild disease and recover within 3 to 5 days with bed rest and intravenous fluid replacement. In up to 20% of patients, severe pancreatitis develops and can involve pancreatic tissue necrosis and multiorgan failure. Recent advances in the care of patients with gallstone-induced pancreatitis include better severity stratification on hospital admission, more aggressive fluid resuscitation in the early disease course, early use of antibiotics in patients with pancreatic necrosis, a shift from parenteral to enteral feeding regimens, a better defined and less aggressive approach to pancreatic surgery, and the possibility to remove impacted gallstones endoscopically. Urgent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and sphincterotomy are recommended in patients with signs of cholangitis or jaundice, ultrasound evidence of dilated common bile duct, or evidence of severe disease.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"